Supelli, Karlina (2012) ERNST MACH DAN EKONOMI PIKIRAN. Diskursus - Jurnal Filsafat dan Teologi STF Driyarkara, 11 (1). pp. 20-60. ISSN 1412-3878

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Ernst Mach stands as a representative figure of the positivistphilosophy of science at the turn of the twentieth century, yet he is by farthe most misunderstood scientist-philosopher. The misunderstandingis largely caused by his epistemological rejection of the use of hypotheticalentities that are ordinarily posited by scientists. He also argued againstthe mechanistic worldview which dominated scientific investigations inthe nineteenth century. This essay will demonstrate that Mach’spositivism differs from the earlier positivism of August Comte. His anti-metaphysical stance is deeply-rooted in his physical phenomenology,guided by the economy of thought in pursuit of the unity of science. InMach’s view, scientific theories are merely biological tools for organizingexperience by means of the fewest possible concepts, and all metaphysicalelements are to be eliminated from science as methodologically andepistemologically superfluous. But Mach’s thesis of the unification ofscience does not share the common concern of the logical positivists toreduce various scientific statements to physical language. While Mach’sphilosophy of science clearly exhibits a miscalculation of the strength ofscientific conceptual tools, his physical phenomenology serves as a bridgebetween theory and experiment which has proved to be fruitful.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
A General Works > B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Pascasarjana Filsafat
Depositing User: Anoki Antonia
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2020 03:15
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2020 03:15

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