John Duns Scotus Soteriology and it’s Ethical Implications

Rahadian, Bernard (2022) John Duns Scotus Soteriology and it’s Ethical Implications. Masters thesis, Driyarkara School of Philosophy.

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By means of this thesis, the writer intends to offer John Duns Scotus point of view in reflecting on the mistery of salvation in Catholic theology which based on freedom and charity. The thinkers studying Scotus’ works, as described in this thesis, such as Antonie Vos, and Allan B. Wolter, showed that Duns Scotus offered an alternative perspective to reflect on the mistery of salvation by examining the motive behind the incarnation of Jesus Christ. Literature and comparative studies in this thesis show that there are two approach on soteriology in the Catholic Church There are two types of soteriological approach within the Catholic theology concerning the motive of incarnation: anthrophocentric and christocentric. Anthropocentric approach, represented by Anselm of Canterbury and Thomas Aquinas believes that the act of salvation happened through the incarnation of Christ was caused by the downfall of human race into sin and by that reason needed to be redeemed so the harmony of creation might be restored. Christocentric approach, of which, John Duns Scotus was the central figure, believe that God’s salvific act motivated by love: God incarnated not primarily to redeem human’s sinfulness but as total manifestation of His love. Scotus saw that there are shortcomings in the anthropocentric approach especially because it determinated God’s salvific act as an effect of sin and by doing so denied God’s omnipotence. Scotus’ Christocentric approach to salvation in line with Scotist intellectual tradition of freedom and charity. Scotus thought that the omnipotent God, by His freewill could make a salvific action without human downfall into sin. Scotus believed that God would still become incarnate even though human race never sin in the first place, because by taking the form of man, God embodied his love in a clearer and total way to His beloved humans and the whole creations. Scotus’ Christocentric salvation is relational because God involed with the whole creation in person. Scotus patterned his Love driven motive of salvation on the perfect Trinitarian love relationship, which as Richard of St. Victor named it condilectio. The Cross would no longer merely as the means to redeem sin, but touch deep into the essential: manifestation of God’s infinite love, His self-giving to His beloved, and therefore, ressurection understood as expression of joy and the triumph of charity. The writer concludes that by promoting love driven soteriology, Scotus proposed alternative paradigm to life the faith which has ethical implication on daily praxis. Through this love paradigm living the faith is not driven by economic motives neither seeing salvation as personal achievement. Scotus proposed a way of living the faith based on sincere freedom to answer God’s offer, and God’s love experience based ethical actions. Keywords: John Duns Scotus, Anselmus of Canterbury, Thomas Aquinas, Richard St. Victor, soteriology, salvation, love-charity, neccesity, liberty/ freedom, will, intellect.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
A General Works > B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Pascasarjana Filsafat
Depositing User: ThM .-
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2023 04:09
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2023 04:09

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